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ԷԾʶһѵ¡ͧҵûҳҹԤ Architecture of European Influence in the Colonies

 

 

 

****

          ʶһѵ¡Ẻû ¶֧ȵҧ㹷ջ աáҧҤõҧ Ҫѧ ѴѡʧͧʹҤʵ Ҥ÷ӡâͧѰ оҹ 繵 ٻẺͧʶһѵ¡ѧ ѺþѲҶ·ʹҨҡѹѡ ¡ùçҧ鹰ҹͧʶһѵ¡ѹҼҹ ֧ҧٻẺʶһѵ¡繢ͧͧҧǹ »ҳҨѡ价šẺͧ ӹҨɰԨ ѧ ;ǡ仵ҳҹԤִ»ͧ ҹҹ ǡҨ֧繵ͧҧҤ÷ӡâͧѰ ʹʶҹ ⡴ѧԹ 繵 ǡҨ֧ٻẺͧҤááҧͧȵ 任ҹѺٻẺͧͧ ʴءáҧ ʶһԡͧ ֧Դʶһѵ¡͡ѡɳ੾ж蹢 ҧá ٻẺʶһѵ¡ ѲҨҡʶһѵ¡ѹ Ҿ ֧͹ҡ§ѧࢻ ѧ

 

 

ʶһѵ¡Ẻѹ

 

çҧ鹰ҹӤѭͧʶһѵ¡Ẻѹ

 

ǹ (Arch) ͧǹ ǹ͡ѺçԹ԰ٻִѺ §价ͧҧԴŨ֧ǹشͧҧǨ֧ԹѡԹͤ⵹ (keystone) ºçҧ ٹҧͧǹ ǹ駷ͧҧ¡ ࢴ (Arcade) ǹ駹ѹöѺҧ ٧ ˭ ͧ ٻǹٻẺ ùѺǹ㴢ͧҤ

 

ѧ (Vaults) ҡٻ駪ѹѲҧѧ Ҵ˭   ѧҧͧ⶧Ҵ˭ ֧ྴҹٻç٧ ྴҹաҧԵá ¡ٻẺ ͡ҡѧҧѧ駤ҧԹա

 

͹յ   Ӥѭѹô ͹յ ǹͧ Թٹ н蹷¨ҡ áҧ¤͹յդѧŧͻҡ㹻Ե

 

Ҥ  ǹӤѭաС˹觢ͧʶһѵ¡Ẻѹѧ繷㹻Ѩغѹ Ҥ ¡͵ٻẺ˹ Ẻ ԡ Ẻ͹ԡ ẺԹ¹ Ẻյ Ẻѡ

 

    ѧ çҧ鹰ҹҹ Ш价û ѧҡҤӤѭҧ»û ֧ҧٻẺʶһѵ¡ (Vernacular Architecture) 繢ͧͧ 㹷СǶ֧ҧ ѧ 

 

õ

        ʶһѵ¡õ ǡѺѲͧõ 蹡ǹѹѺѵʵͧ ѺԷԾŨҡȷԭͧҡ͹ ա ѹ   ҹԡ Ѻ 繵 ʹŻᶺûռŵͻõ ŻẺ ѹ ⡸ԡ ʫͧ á ͤԡ ǹҼҹѺŻͧ ѧŻ㹻Ȩ֧ѡɳҡµ͹ʵѡҪ աáҧ繵Ӻ ¡ ѧ ʶһѵ¡ ҹ Ҫѧ ҷ Ѵ ʶ оҹ 繵鹨֧ٻẺҡ ҤաûдѺǴ»ٹẺ¹ٹ ͺ˹ҵҧ ˹Ҩ 繵 õ໹աü١Ե˹ աþѲҡáҧٻẺº աõǴ·¹͡Ҥ ҧ.. -

        õԷԾ价š ᶺԡͻȺҫ ͧ½кҧзջͿԡ ѧԷԾҧѡôõʷ¡ ʵ Թ The Estado da India طԹµʹ仨֧Ũչ Թҧµ.. ʶһеҧ繢ͧҧ͢¡Ѻͧѡͧ 繷ҪѡСԨʹҴ ѧͧҪ½觢ͧԹ ѧ ֧ͧС 件֧ͧ㹨չ ͧҹѧ§Ѻͧ½Ϳԡҷ赹ִ

        ˵طǡҹҹ ͹ ԷԾŷҧҹԵ ááԹ 觧ҹ ùѺʹҤʵ ʶһѵ¡áҧ äҢ ɵáǡͧ ͺ鹷ҹҹҹ ѧժҵʻ ѹ ѧ ԷԾͧǡѹ ѧ֧ͧͧ繢ͧҵ ͧСѹһդ.. ѧ դ.. ͧ ѧ .. ͧǡһª 繵

        ԷԾŨҡõʷռŵ ôʹ ҷҧäҢѧµѹ͡§ ʹʵʹҹԡ¤ҷԡ

        ԷԾŷҧʶһѵ¡áҧẺõ ͧӤѭ ͧչѧ ͧ 繵 ʶһѵ¡ẺõաüҹѺŻẺչоͧ ٻẺ ʶһѵ¡Ẻõء (Chino - Portuguese Architecture) 

        ͧõִͧСͤ.. ͷҺԷԾͧ ֧觷ٵ ѹ ҡاظ ǷѭҤҢµ͡ѹ ԹҷӤѭ պءͧ  ǹͧͧҧ õҵҧҢ·ҹ͵..   ҧҹѡ⡴ѧԹ պҹѡͺѧ ն԰ ҹѡҨ繺ҹǹ˭ кҹͧѺǡ˹

ʶһѵ¡ Ẻ⡸ԡ ʶһѵ¡ ͧؤ¡ҧ͹ ⴴ蹴 ٻç سѵ ѧ ѹç ҹ ˹ҵҧҹ˭ ѡաèѴ Ǵ  ˹ҵҧ ͤ ǹʹҤ Ǵ·鹻дѺҧ´  дҹ˹Ҥõҧ ٻẺͧ⡸ԡѺҧҤѵػʧҧ Ҫѧ ҤþҳԪ ҹẺ Ҥêش ҷ Ѱ ᾧͧ оҹ ѴѡʧʹҤʵ 繵

       ⡸ԡẺʹ٧ ǹẺѧʹŧ ʶһѵ¡Ẻ⡸ԡաҧѹû ੾ҧ觻Ƚ ѧ ໹ 繵

ѡɳӤѭͧʶһѵ¡á áҧաõҧԨԵõСõ ͧ觹һдѺҤ   Ҿٹ ٹ Թ͹ ѡ Ҿ¹ྴҹ ʶһѵ¡աûҹѹҧ Եá еҡ ʶһѵ¡ ҾǧҨö¡͡ŻẺ

ѹ-ѵ

        ʶһѵ¡ѹ ǡѺҵûѺԷԾŨҡʶһѵ¡ѹẺá Ե ¹ ʫͧ Ҥǹ˭ Ҫѧ  ⡴ѧԹ ʶһԡ͡ẺŻ繢ͧͧ ҳҹԤ ѹִͧͧҹҹ  ѧ ͧ㴷ѹҤͺͧ ҧҧҤ÷ӡѰŢͧ ҹѡ ǡعҧͧ ǡԹҧҧ ¡ҧٻẺҤẺҹҧẺѹ ѺẺͧҴ¡ѹ

        ѹԹҧ.. ѧõ» ԷԾŢͧѹҷյ㹡äҢ اظ ͧҧ͡ ոҪ ѵҹ  Oedjang Salang ͧҧ ʧ ͡ҡ ѹִͧСͧѡ ͧऴ ѧ ѡ ͧ ´ ͧҹ չ ͧ ҧ ѹ ͧҧҫҡ ԻԹ 

        ʶһѵ¡ŧͧѹ ѹ ٹҧͧС

         ȷҤ÷ѺԷԾ ҡѹҡԹⴹ ջ ҤẺѹҷͧ ѵ ҡ ѹا ѧ ͡ҡͧѧ ͧʶһѵ¡ẺҳҹԤ ͡ẺѺҡͧ͹Ѳͧͧ蹴 ռ͸Ժ Ẻҹҧʶһѵ¡Թ-Թ-Һǡʶһѵ¡Ẻû

ѧ

        ѧա˹û ѺԷԾŷҧʶһѵ¡ҡҡ ʶһѵ¡ѹͧҸ ͧ½ʶһѵ¡Ẻѹ (Romanesque architecture) ԷԾŵ͡áҧʶ͹..   ʶһѵ¡Ẻ⡸ԡ ѺԷԾŨҡ ҷҧ ҧǹѺþѲҨҡԴͧ㹷ͧͧ

        ԷԾʶһѵ¡ѧ ռŵѰҳҹԤҧҡ ѧͺͧͧ ҧӡѰŢͧ ҤûСͺ ҤþҳԪ 繵 駹餹ѧ͡Ẻʶһѵ¡ ¡ùʶһѵ¡㹷ͧ ҹѺŻТͧ ¤ӹ֧֧ѡɳТͧԹҡ Фͧ͢㹷ͧ ѹٻѡɳ褹㹷ͧʹ ǹҧ͵ͧҧ Ҩ繷ӡѰ ¢ͧ˹ҷѰ հҹ 繵 ԹҳҹԤ ٢ͧѧ ͧ 繵 

  ࢴ (arcade)

      ࢴ ػͧ ѧ

˹ ¶֧ .ҧԹѧ  .§(gallery) .§ҹ .Ҵ .ҧԹѧ .ҧһеٺҹ .˹آ (portico) .§ .Թ

ͧ ¶֧ .ҧԹҹ¢ͧͧ .ٹä (shopping arcade) .ҧþԹ .ҧ .Ҵ¢ͧҡªԴ (bazaar) Ҵ¢ͧҹ¢ͧѹ繨ӹǹҡ

  ˧͡ҡ (5kaki)

         ӹҨҡͧѹ ˧ §Ρ¹ () ǹ ҡ 繪¡˹Ѵ ¶֧ ص ѧ ҡ ¶֧ ҿص ҧ¡͹ ҡ ص ѧ鹷ҧԹҧ֡Ƿǹդҧҿص ¡ ˧͡ҡ ֧ࢴǡѹ ҧá ǨչΡ¹դ¡ҧ ҡҧ ¶֧ 

 

:  ó 蹵¹   չҤ 

s.kantakian@gmail.com

 


ҾСͺ

ʶһѵ¡ѹ

ҾҡԹ

 

 

 

 

 

******

ʶһѵ¡õҳҹԤͧõ

ҾҡԹ

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

*****

ʶһѵ¡ѹͧҳҹԤͧѹ

ҾҡԹ

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

*****

ʶһѵ¡ѧ

ͧҳҹԤѧ

Ҿشáا͹͹Ъҹͧ

ó 蹵¹

***

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ʶһѵ¡ѧ

ͧҳҹԤѧ

Ҿشͧ

ͧҳҹԤͧѧ

ҾҡԹ

*****

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

*****

 

 

 

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